By-laws from inaugural meeting  in Uppsala, January 28, 1989

1. Name
The name of the society is “Nordic Society for Middle Eastern Studies”, hereafter called the “Nordic Society” or the “Society”.

2. Objective
The Nordic Society shall promote research and advanced studies concerning the Middle East in the humanities and social sciences; and further cooperation and exchange of information among researchers working on the Middle East. The Nordic Society shall in particular

a) encourage cooperation between researchers working on the Middle East within and outside the Nordic countries, as well as between research institutions concerned with the Middle East,

b) aid the development of contacts between researchers concerned with the Middle East and those working in other fields within the Nordic countries

c) encourage and establish scholarly contacts with the Middle East

The Nordic Society is scientific, not political. Membership or office in the Society does not hamper or discharge one from individual opinions on current problems.

3. Composition
Research staff, research students or teachers affiliated to academic institutions in the Nordic countries may become ordinary members of the Society. Additionally, University institutions or similar whose field of activity is within Middle Eastern Studies may become Institutional members. Other persons may become corresponding members. Acceptance of new members is decided by the Board. The Society may ask a membership fee from the members.

4. General Assembly
The General Assembly is the highest body of the Nordic Society. At the General Assembly only ordinary members have the right to vote, while corresponding members only have the right to participate and speak. Institutional members have the same rights as corresponding members. The General Assembly shall meet at least every three years. The Board determines the time and venue. The invitations shall be posted at least three months in advance. The General Assembly shall determine the guidelines for future activities, as well as discuss the reports on activities and finance. The General Assembly appoints the Board, the Chair of the Board, the Electoral committee, auditor and assistant auditor, and decides the membership fees.


To the General Assembly a Chair, a Secretary and a Signatory shall be appointed.

5. The Board
The Board is the executive organ of the Society and has the responsibility for carrying out the activities. The Board shall consist of eight-ten members and shall appoint among its members two vice-chairs. The Board also appoints a Secretary. Every Nordic country shall if possible be represented by two researchers active within Middle Eastern studies. The Board meets at the invitation of the Chair at least once a year. The Board may meet by letter. The Board is appointed for the period between two General Assemblies. The Board may, as required, appoint delegations to international bodies, conferences and scholarly gatherings.

6. Elections
The General Assembly appoints an electoral committee consisting of one representative from each participating Nordic country. The Committee is appointed for the period between two General Assemblies. The Committee shall put a proposal for the composition of Board, Chair, auditor and assistant auditor to the General Assembly. The Electoral committee may meet by letter.

7. Auditor
The auditor and assistant auditor shall examine the accounts of the Society and ensure that the assets of the Society are used in accordance with the aims of the Society.

8. Research and Education
The Society shall work for inter-Nordic cooperation on research and education win the field of Middle Eastern Studies. The Nordic Society may also arrange recurrent academic conferences, seminars and exchange of scholars, if possible in cooperation with one or more academic institutions.

9. Information
The Nordic Society may publish a periodical publication as well as other publications, and disseminate information on Middle Eastern studies in the Nordic countries, if applicable in cooperation with one or more academic institutions.

10. Dissolution
A majority of two thirds of all present ordinary members at two consecutive General Assemblies, gathered with at least three months interim, is required for a motion to dissolve the Society. The disbursement of any means available to the Society at its point of dissolving shall be decided in a manner in accordance with the general aims of the Nordic Society.

11. Change in rules
The rules of the Nordic Society may be changed by the General Assembly through the acceptance by two-thirds of the present ordinary members.